Nicaragua- Learn Spanish in Nicaragua
Nicaragua only has two seasons, the summer when it is warm and sunny and the wind blows, and the winter when it is hot and rainy. It has also three major zones: Pacific is hot, Central zone is cooler and the Caribbean zone is rainy and hot.
It is located in the center of the American continent.It is the biggest country in Central America with a size of 130,000 square kilometers and a population of 5.9 millions people and is situated between Honduras and Costa Rica. It is known as “Land of lakes and volcanoes”, its two lakes: Lake Managua ( Xolotlan) and Lake Cocibolca. Which are the biggest in Central America.Only 7 of the 50 volcanoes in Nicaragua are considered active, Many of theses volcanoes offer some great possibilities for tourist with activities such as hiking, climbing and swimming in crater lakes. There are many volcanoes and the most important is Cerro Negro, located in Leon, where the tourist practice sandboarding and another one is volcano Santiago located in Masaya city.
The Spanish Empire conquered Central America in the 16th Century, Nicaragua achieved its independence from Spain in 1821. Since its independence, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship and fiscal crisis, the most important was the Sandinista revolution of the 1960’s and 1970’s. Nowadays has a “democratic system”.
Due to this facts is the second poorest country in the western hemisphere after Haiti. 46% of the population live below the poverty line, and 79 live on less than U$2 per day. 33% of the adult population are illiterate.
The Capital is Managua. The city is located in the center of Nicaragua. In 1972 a strong earthquake destroyed most parts of Managua so nearly whole Managua was rebuilt in the following years.
Nicaragua is a prosper country where especially crops, rice, fruits and vegetables are cultivated. The typical food is “Gallo Pinto”, a mix of rice and beans.
The national bird is named Guardabarranco and the national flower is the “Flower of Sacuanjoche”